During the Middle Bronze Age (about 3,600 years ago or 1650 BC), the Dahl el-Hammam rose. Located in the highlands of the South Jordan Valley to the northeast of the Dead Sea, the settlement became the largest continuously occupied Bronze Age city in the southern Levant, sustaining an early civilization for several thousand years.

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At that time, it was 10 times bigger than Jerusalem and five times bigger than Jericho
“It’s an incredible cultural place,” said James Kenneth, a professor of soil science at the University of California, Santa Barbara. “Most of the development of the cultural problem of the people is in this public sphere.”

A favorite spot for archaeologists and biblical scholars, the ridge provides cultural evidence from the Salcolithic or Copper Age, the most strategic settlement being built, destroyed and rebuilt. Thousands again.

But the layers of the Middle Bronze Age II have a gap of 1.5 meters, which attracted the interest of some researchers for the “very unusual” material. In addition to the devastation caused by war and earthquakes, pieces of pottery with a molten outer surface covered in glass, “bubble” clay brick, and some molten material in the building, some signs of a hotter than hot weather event. can also do.

Kenneth said, “We found evidence for temperatures above 2,000 °C, at which time an old cosmic wind made a case for an explosion 12,800 years ago, leading to widespread combustion, climate change and animal extinction.” made.

The burnt and molten material at Dahl el-Hammam is well known, and a team of researchers including attack scientists Alan West and Kenneth, Trinity Southwestern University scholar Philip J. Sylvia on a biblical research effort to find out what happened in the city over 3,650 years. Earlier.

“There is evidence of a large cosmic explosion near this town called Del el-Hammam,” said Kenneth Tunguska, referring to a similar explosion of 190–60 m (183.7) 12-megaton explosion in 1908. Earth’s atmosphere in the meteorite East Siberian Chheda taiga.

The blow of the explosion at Dahl al-Hammam was enough to repair the city, level the walls and mud-brick structure of the palace and its surroundings. Bone distribution refers to “severe amputations and fractures in the surrounding population”.

According to Kenneth, additional airburst evidence was discovered by analyzing a variety of soils and sediments from the critical layer. Their analysis found tiny iron and silica-rich spheres activated, similar to molten metals.

“I think one of the major discoveries surprised quartz. These are grains of sand with cracks that only form at very high pressures,” Kenneth said of one of the many sources, del el-Hammam. indicate a large wind explosion near . “We were shocked by this layer of quartz, which means there are incredible pressures to move on the quartz crystal — quartz is one of the hardest minerals; it’s very hard to shock.”

Airbursts, according to the paper, could explain the “high salt concentration disorder” found in the destruction layer—up to an average of 4% in sediments and up to 25% in some samples.

“The salt was thrown away because of the high impact pressures,” Kenneth said of the isolated meteorite in contact with Earth’s atmosphere. “And that will have little effect on the salty Dead Sea.”

The local shores of the Dead Sea are also saline, so its effects can be redistributed in distant salt crystals – not only in Dal al-Hammam, but also in nearby Del es-Sultan (proposed as Biblical Jericho subject to violence). Too. Extinct at the same time) and Dal-Nimrin (extinct later).

Researchers said the so-called “late Bronze Age gap” may have been caused by high-salinity soils, in which cities in the Jordan Valley were abandoned and populations fell from thousands to a few hundred nomads. Nothing could develop in the once fertile region, forcing people to migrate from the region for hundreds of centuries. Evidence of resettlement of Dal al-Hammam and surrounding communities reappears in the Iron Age, some 600 years after the cities were suddenly destroyed in the Bronze Age.

Tal el-Hamman was the center of continued debate over whether Sodom might have been the biblical city of one of two Old Testament cities in the Book of Genesis that God destroyed because of how wicked they and their citizens were. . Two angels rescued a Dennison and taught him not to look back when he fled. Lot’s wife recently made him a pillar of salt. Meanwhile, fire and brimstone fell from the sky; Many cities were destroyed; Thick smoke rose from the fire; The people of the city were killed and the crops in that area were destroyed, an event that resulted in the universe. It was an interesting episode.

“All the observations made in Genesis coincide with a cosmic explosion,” Kenneth said, “but there is no scientific evidence that this destroyed city is Old Testament Sodom.” “However, researchers believe that the disaster may have produced an oral tradition that inspired the account written in the Book of Calamity, as well as the biblical account of Joshua burning Jericho in the Old Testament.

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